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Agreement Between Finland and the Soviet Union Concerning the Aaland Islands

The Government of the Republic of Finland, of the one part, and The Government of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, of the other part, desiring to strengthen their security and foundations of peace in the Baltic Sea, have found it necessary to conclude among themselves the follow ing agreement and have therefore appointed as their Plenipotentiaries:

The Government of the Republic of Finland:

The Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary of Finland in Moscow, M. Juho Kusti Paasikivi;

The Government of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics:

President of the Council of Commissars of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics and Commissar for Foreign Affairs, Vyacheslav Mihailovich Molotov, who, having exchanged their credentials, found in due and proper order, have agreed upon the following provisions:

Article 1

Finland agrees to demilitarize the Aaland Islands, not to fortify them, and not to place them at the disposal of the armed forces of any other Powers.

This means also that neither Finland nor any other Powers can maintain or build in the area of the Aaland Islands any military or naval construction or base, no military air force construction or base, nor any other establishment for military purposes, and that the existing artillery foundations must be destroyed.

Article 2

The designation "the area of the Aaland Islands" means, in this Agreement, all the islands, banks and reefs located within the sea area bounded by the following lines:
a. To the north, north latitude 60° 41'.

b. To the east, straight lines, which consecutively join the following geographic points:

The territorial waters of the Aaland Islands are considered to extend three nautical miles from the islands, banks and reefs defined, above which rises the sea level, at least at times, at low water.

Article 3

The USSR is granted the right to maintain its own consular office in the Aaland Islands. In addition to ordinary consular functions, it shall also control the observance of the demilitarization and nonmilitarization of the Aaland Islands provided in Article 1.

In the event that the USSR consular representative observes circumstances which in his opinion run counter to the provisions of this agreement for the demilitarization and nonfortification of the Aaland Islands, he has the right to notify Finland's authorities, through the Provincial Government of the Aaland Province, of the holding of a joint investigation.

Such investigation will be conducted by a delegate of the Finnish Government and the USSR consular representative in the quickest possible manner.

The results of the joint investigation shall be recorded in a protocol drawn up in four copies in Finnish and Russian, and will be forwarded, for the purpose of undertaking necessary measures, to the governments of the two Contracting Parties.

Article 4

This agreement will go into effect immediately upon signature, and will thereafter be ratified.

Ratifications will be exchanged in Helsinki within ten days.

This agreement has been drafted in Finnish and Russian in two original copies. Moscow, October 11, 1940

J. K. Paasikivi.
V. Molotov.


Source: Finland reveals her secret documents on Soviet policy, March 1940—June 1941. Doc. nr. 34. Wilfred Funk, New York 1941.
The book is a verbatim translation of the "Blue-White Book" published by the Foreign Ministry of Finland, 1941.

Finland in the Soviet foreign policy 1939-1940