airplanes misleadingly marked with
Civic Guard sleeve badges.
The actual insignia, swastika, used
since 1918 in Finnish military airplanes,
could not be used because it had easily
been confused with that of Germany,
then the contractual partner of the
Soviet Union. Cover page of the book:
"Heroes of the Finnish campaign". The
Krasnaja Zvezda Publishing House,
Moscow, 1940. Drawn by Dolgorukov.
Newspaper Narodnaya Armiya (Army of the People, i.e. of Finland). The "Army" was created as a flank of the Red Army to liberate Finland from the yoke of her bourgeois government. Issue of Feb. 14, 1940. Two pages in Russian (front page, page 2). Translation of the communiqué about the new Soviet economic treaty with the National Socialist Germany published in the newspaper's page 2.The article about the Swedish aid to Finland in Krasnaya Zvezda, the Central Organ of the People's Commissariat for Defence of the USSR on 26th of February, 1940. Translations (original, Finnish p.3, English p.5)
People's Power (Kansan valta).
Publisher: the "Democratic Government of Finland", headed by Otto-Wille Kuusinen.
17 issues from the Winter War times 1939-1940 (pdf, in Finnish, 35 MB).
Soviet-Russian view of the reasons of the Winter War and establishment of the Karelo-Finnish Soviet Socialist Republic. Pages 33-47 from The Saga of the Karelo-Finnish Republic by I. Sergeyev, Workers Library Publishers, Inc. New York, January, 1941.
Soviet Viipuri, an article celebrating the conquest of the city of Viipuri in the Winter War in the 1st year anniversary publication of the Karelo-Finnish SSR. In English.
Russian emigré newspapers: An article "Stalin's Finnish mistake" (in Russian) written by Erich Wollenberg and published in Paris on January 20, 1940, in the emigré newspaper "Novaia Rossiia" (chief editor A.F. Kerensky). Wollenberg was a German Reichswehr officer, who after WWI joined the Communist Party in Germany, acting, also, temporarily as the supreme commander of the short lived Bavarian Soviet republic, moved to Soviet Russia in 1924, drifted there in opposition to Stalin and fled the Soviet Union in 1934. He fled from Paris to Casablanca in 1940. His attempts to get a US visa from there is considered as having served a sort of a loose background story to the film Casablanca (1942). Pieces of Wollenberg's article published with a commentary in the Finnish magazine "Koti ja Isänmaa" (Home and Fatherland) n:o 1, February 28, 1940.
Finnish (in English)
Swedish (in English)
German (in German)
Trinidad & Tobago
Back to the Winter War
Finland in the Great Power politics, 1939-1940.
Finland in the Soviet foreign policy, 1939-1940. Material from the People's Commissariat for Foreign Affairs of the Soviet Union and other sources.